Habitat and Ecology
Amanita caesarea is an ectomycorrhizal species, primarily with Quercus frainetto, Q. pubescens, Q. cerris, Q. coccifera, Q. petraea, and seldom with Fagus sylvatica, Castanea sativa and Carpinus orientalis in the country.
Suitable environment is forest edges, in open, sunny areas, on dry to moderately damp soils.
The species usually produces sporocarps from mid-spring to mid-autumn, and it is frequently noticed during warm and rainy seasons.
Amanita caesarea has been recorded at 158 sites in the country, broadly dispersed in 50 biogeographic regions (Melovski et al. 2013), at elevation ranges between 200–1,400 m a.s.l.. Six of the known sites are located in national parks, as follows: Galicica – one site, Pelister – two sites, Mavrovo – three sites in the zone for sustainable use. The species is edible, conspicuous, so it has been searched for in the past, and it has been frequently reported. However, since its appropriate habitat is common in the country, an estimation of probable sites was made (Dahlberg and Mueller 2011). The total number of sites is guesstimated to be maximum two times as high as the current number, resulting to be up to 316 sites.