Golden-gilled bolete

Phylloporus pelletieri


Црвено-жолта листичарка, златолисен вргањ



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Assessment info
Habitat and Ecology
Use and Trade
Conservation Actions


Scientific name

Phylloporus pelletieri 


(Lév.) Quél.


Xerocomus pelleteri (Lév.) Bresinsky & Manfr. Binder

Assessment info

IUCN Red List Category and Criteria

Vulnerable B1ab(i,iii,iv)+2ab(i,iii,iv)

Date assessed

November 2020


Rusevska, K.

Svetasheva, T.

Kałucka, I.L.


Kost, G.


Karadelev, M.

Simonini, G.


Miskovic, M.

Martínez Richart, A.I.


Phylloporus pelletieri is a rare species, with very fragmented and isolated populations. Only a few individuals have been ascertained from two sites. Bearing in mind that beech forests in N. Macedonia occupy most of the country’s area under forest, and that there are only two confirmed sites for this fungus species (on one of the two sites, it has not been found again), it is proposed for the category of Vulnerable (VU). The major threat posed to the species is logging in old-growth beech forest. It has been short-listed for inclusion in Appendix I to the Bern Convention, by the European Council for Conservation of Fungi (ECCF), and included on the Red Lists of 12 European countries. According to IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, it has been assessed as Least Concern (LC).


Current population trend



In N. Macedonia the population size is minor. To date, only a few specimens have been
recorded on two localities (in 2006), whereat the piece of data from the site in Jablanica
Mt was reconfirmed in 2018 while in Bistra Mt it was not sighted again notwithstanding
the fact that since then, it has been searched for annually.

Habitat and Ecology


1 Forest
1.4 Forest – Temperate

Habitat and Ecology

Phylloporus pelletieri is a mycorrhizal species (Fagus, Castanea, less commonly with
Quercus, Carpinus, Corylus, and probably with some coniferous tree species), and in
the country it occurs in well-developed and old-growth beech forest associations, on
well-drained soil, abundant in organic matter. It usually grows solitary, forms one or a
few fruitbodies at a single locality.

Use and trade

Use and trade

There is no confirmed use and trade of this species in N. Macedonia.



The major threat to the species is logging of old-growth beech forests. Habitat loss/degradation caused by anthropogenic pressure. Given that the species develops in a site near the not very well-known locality Markova Stopalka, there are partial threats posed by tourism & recreation, and recreational activities. Forest fires, more common due to climate change, may be another serious threat.

Conservation actions

Conservation actions

The species can be protected via prevention of forest degradation and by forest conservation. This includes abandoning intensification of logging practices in forests and plantations as well as in the adjacent areas.
Active deterrence of forest succession and erosion is recommended. Designating key sites for protection is proposed.
Protection of habitats by law, in particular the old-growth natural broadleaved forests; appropriate forest management and regulating the pressure by recreational activities if it is not feasible to protect the localities. This is one of the first fungal species proposed for protection in 2003, as part of Appendix 1 to Bern Convention (Dahlberg & Croneborg 2003). Subsequently, it was included in the appendix to the Macedonian Red List of Fungi (Karadelev, Rusevska 2013), in the category of Near Threatened (NT). Now it is part of the Global Fungal Red List Initiative, assessed as Near Threatened
(NT) (



Datasheets of threatened mushrooms of Europe, candidates for listing in appendix I of the convention.

ECCF. . Available at:

Breitenbach, J. and Kränzlin, F. 1991. Pilze der Schweiz 3: 74, pl.39. Mykologia, Luzern.

Dahlberg, A. and Croneborg, H. 2003. The 33 threatened fungi in Europe. Nature and Environment, No.
136. Council of Europe Publishing.

Engel, H. 1996. Schmier- und Filzröhrlinge s.l. in Europa.In: H. Engel (ed.), pp. 152-154. Weidhausen.

Fraiture, A and Otto, P (eds). 2015. Distribution, ecology & status of 51 macromycetes in Europe. Results of
the ECCF Mapping Programme. Botanic Garden Meise, Meise.

Index Fungorum Partnership. 2021. Index Fungorum. Available at: http://www.indexfungorum.or

International Mycological Association. 2019. MycoBank database. Available at:
(Accessed: 2019).

Karadelev, M. & K. Rusevska. 2008. Bern convention fungi candidates from Macedonia I (Boletus dupainii,
Phylloporus rhodoxanthus and Suillus sibiricus ssp. helveticus). . Biologia Macedonica 61: 7-14.

Karadelev, M., Rusevska, K., 2013. Contribution to Macedonian Red List of Fungi. . 4th Congress of
Ecologists of Macedonia with International Participation 28: 68-73. Ohrid, N. Macedonia.

Karash et al. 2009. Rote Liste gefährdeter Grosspilze Bayerns. Bayerishes Landesamt fur Umwelt, Ausburg.

Ladurner, H. and Simonini, G. 2003. Xerocomus s.l, vol 8. Edizioni Candusso, Alassio.

Neves, M.A., Binder, M., Halling, R.E, Hibbett, D. and Soytong, K. 2012. The phylogeny of selected
Phylloporus species, inferred from NUC-LSU and ITS sequences, and descriptions of new species from the
Old World. Fungal Diversity 55: 109-123.